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Urban Development Strategies in the Mediterranean: Context, Challenges and Perspectives

Author: Unknown
Organisation: Conference on Urban Development Strategies in the Mediterranean
Publish Date: March 2011
Country: Global
Sector: Development
Method: Forecasting
Theme: Futures
Type: Conference Proceedings
Language: English
Tags: Urban management Poverty reduction Sustainable development Urban governance City development studies CDS

In 2008, for the first time in history, the number of people living in cities reached more than half of the world’s population, and this trend will continue with almost five billion people living in cities by the year 2030. Around the Mediterranean, the urban challenge is particularly critical since its cities face steady urban growth and will give shelter to 75% of the local population, or 240 million people, by 2020. The issue is no longer how to stop this increasing urbanization trend but how to better organize for cities to benefit from economic growth. For years, unplanned urban extension has led to the development of metropolises and megalopolises that lacked basic services and public transport, expansion of informal settlements, and increasing vulnerability to natural disasters and climate change. The multiplication of the urban development plans initiated by a variety of stakeholders did not succeed in overcoming efficiency, financing, and governance weaknesses.
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