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Wage Subsidies to Combat Unemployment and Poverty: Assessing South Africa’s Options

Author: Justine Burns, Lawrence Edwards, Karl Pauw
Organisation: International Food policy Research institute (IFPRI)
Publish Date: 2010
Country: South Africa
Sector: Economic
Method: Creative thinking
Theme: Employment
Type: Other publication
Language: English
Tags: Wage subsidies, Unemployment, Computable general equilibrium (CGE), Microsimulation modeling

This paper takes stock of the international literature and conducts an economywide macro-micro analysis to obtain insights into wage subsidy design and implementation issues facing developing countries. It also investigates whether this policy measure is appropriate in dealing with South Africa’s particular sources of unemployment. We argue that although wage subsidies may be successful at creating jobs in South Africa, they should not be seen as the primary or dominant policy instrument for dealing with the broader unemployment problem. To enhance the effectiveness of wage subsidies, they should preferably be linked to structured workplace training, be targeted to industries where employment will be responsive to changes in labor costs, and be focused on the youth. In the long run, addressing unemployment in South Africa requires policies that improve economic growth and the economy’s employment absorption capacity, that raise skills of new labor market entrants, that reduce labor market rigidities, and that promote effective job search, especially among the youth.
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