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State of the Urban Youth Report 2012/2013: Youth in the Prosperity of Cities Overview and Summary of Findings

Author: Oyebanji Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, Mutinta Munyati, Subramonia Ananthakrishnan
Organisation: United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)
Publish Date: 2012
Country: Global
Sector: Economic
Method: Casual layered analysis
Theme: Employment
Type: Report
Language: English
Tags: Unemployment, Youth unemployment, Youth bulge, Demographic dynamics, Policies, Prosperity, Prosperous cities, Urban youth
Cities in developing countries should deal specifically with structural unemployment. This particular form of the more general problem of lack of labour demand arises from deepseated obstacles or inefficiencies in urban labour markets (as opposed, for example, to a short-lived recession). Structural unemployment may result from mismatches between the characteristics of labour demand and supply in terms of necessary skill-sets, or from shifts in the structure of the urban economy (e.g., from manufacturing to services, or from low-skilled manual to highly skilled, knowledge-intensive occupations), which may require a combination of demand and supply-side policy responses.
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