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Human Development in Africa: A Long-Run Perspective

Author: Leandro Prados de la Escosura
Organisation: Universidad Carlos III, Madrid European Historical Economics Society
Publish Date: October 2011
Country: Africa
Sector: Development
Method: Creative thinking
Theme: Public Good
Type: Report
Language: English
Tags: Sub-Saharan Africa, Human Development, Human Development Initiative, HDI, Life Expectancy, Education

Within Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa has fallen steadily behind the North since mid-20th century. Human development improvement is positively associated to being coastal and resource-rich and negatively to political-economy distortions. Contrary to the world experience, in which life expectancy dominated, education has driven progress in African human development during the last half-a-century and, due to the impact of HIV/AIDS on life expectancy and the arresting effect of economic mismanagement and political turmoil on growth, advances in human development since 1990 have depended almost exclusively on education achievements. The large country variance of the recovery during the last decade suggests being cautious about the future’s prospects.
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