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Tourism in the Mediterranean: Scenarios up to 2030

Author: Robert Lanquar
Organisation: Robert Lanquar
Publish Date: July 2011
Country: Global
Sector: Economic
Method: Forecasting
Theme: Tourism
Type: Other publication
Language: English
Tags: Mediterranean, domestic tourism, international tourism, security, climate change, tourism indicators, tourism's economic contribution, tourism competitiveness, tourism prospects, tourism scenarios

For the last two decades, the 11 countries of the Southern Mediterranean (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Occupied Palestinian Territory, Syria, Tunisia and Turkey) have recorded the highest growth rates in inbound world tourism. In the same period, domestic tourism in these countries also increased rapidly. The economic performance of tourism in these countries has been astonishing, given the security risks, natural disasters, oil prices rises and economic uncertainties in the region. Even the last financial crisis had no severe impact on this growth, which confirmed the resilience of tourism and the huge potential of the so-called ‘MED 11’ countries in this sector. This trend came to an abrupt halt in early 2011 during the Arab Spring, but could well resume when the situation stabilises.

This paper looks at whether this trend will continue up to 2030, and provides four different possible scenarios for the development of the tourism sector in MED 11 for 2030: i) reference scenario, ii) common sustainable development scenario, iii) polarised (regional) development scenario and iv) failed development – decline and conflict – scenario. In all cases, international and domestic tourism arrivals will increase. However, two main factors will continue to influence the development of the tourism sector in the MED 11 countries: security and adjustment to climate change
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