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Global agriculture towards 2050

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Organisation: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publish Date: 2009
Country: Global
Sector: Agriculture
Method: Forecasting
Theme: Food
Type: Report
Language: English
Tags: Agriculture, Food production, Population growth, International trade, Natural resources, Global Agro-Ecological Zone study

World population is expected to grow by over a third, or 2.3 billion people, between 2009 and 2050. This is a much slower rate of growth than the one seen in the past four decades during which it grew by 3.3 billion people, or more than 90 percent. Nearly all of this growth is forecast to take place in the developing countries. Among the latter group, sub-Saharan Africa’s population would grow the fastest (+114 percent) and East and Southeast Asia’s the slowest (+13 percent). Urbanization is foreseen to continue at an accelerating pace with urban areas to account for 70 percent of world population in 2050 (up from 49 percent at present) and rural population, after peaking sometime in the next decade, actually declining. These trends mean that market demand for food would continue to grow. Demand for cereals, for both food and animal feed uses is projected to reach some 3 billion tonnes by 2050, up from today’s nearly 2.1 billion tonnes.
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