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Looking ahead in world food and agriculture: Perspectives to 2050

Author: Piero Conforti (editor)
Organisation: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Agricultural Development Economics Division
Publish Date: 2011
Country: Global
Sector: Agriculture
Method: Forecasting
Theme: Food
Type: Report
Language: English
Tags: Climate change, Bioenergy, Biofuels, Poverty, Macroeconomic environments, Natural resources, Productivity

The macroeconomic outlook indicates that economic growth may bring significant reductions in poverty in the 2050 horizon, but climate change may impose additional constraints, particularly through increased pressures on land and water resources. Biofuel development may be another source of stress for markets, depending on the ability of technology to reduce the overlap between energy feedstock and food products. Other areas explored in the volume are natural resources – notably land and water – as well as capital, investment and technology. Regarding natural resources, the amounts of land and water available at the global level are most probably sufficient to support the projected production increases. By 2050, the FAO baseline points to some net expansion of arable land, all in developing countries. However, the bulk of production increase will need to be generated through increased yields.
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